In his well-documented book "Introduction to Public Procurement" Thai forms the preliminary version of the Governmental Purchasing National Institute, Education Aligned Inc.’s learning to Procurements Program. As such, this text is essential for readers and students in the preliminary course of theory and practice of public procurement. It forms an important reference tool, kindly classifying other textbooks in the Governmental Purchasing National Institute, Education Aligned Inc.’s learning to Procurements Program series. Additionally, Thai supports the acceptance of innovative features of public procurements because that will supplement to the expanding professionalism.
The volume is sectioned into three segments and eleven chapters. The sections comprise the Functionality, the Profession, and the Framework of the Public Procurement. The personal chapters concisely offer the fundamental information that is important to comprehend the background of public procurement. Thai supplements astute scrutiny to the said method, precisely identifying conditions and factors that affect the choice of procedures and policies that are major to efficient public procurement.
"Introduction to Public Procurement" Second Edition, Khia V. Thai
The preliminary overview chapter offers a required look at the subject, clearly asserting that the occupation is evolving in its importance as procured services and goods become quite multifaceted. Thai brings up a main subject on how the success and effectiveness of buying are arbitrated. This pledges a brief conversation of main aims of procurement, encompassing at minimum two of gradually higher importance, which perform managing and quality risk. He proposes that any valuation of effectiveness involves weighing tradeoffs between certain goals accomplishments because handling risk effectively might mean advanced costs.
The second chapter underlines a detailed presentation of organizational arrangements for the public procurement, varying from extremely centralized to vastly decentralized construction. As Thai highlights, there are no main efficient arrangements. He then detects the cons and pros of each culmination of the variety. He studies the double line/staff responsibility of the centralized acquiring office with further strengthening the growing intricacy of the procurement purposes.
The ecology of the public procurement as highlighted in Chapter 3 includes political and market forces, especially concentrating on the social apprehensions of green procurement. Here, Thai indicates recommended decrees that a government would accept to support higher defense of the ecology.
Regulations and laws constitute Chapter 4. The Even Commercial Code is deliberated alongside with the numerous kinds of contracts.
A key discussion inspires public procurement bureaucrats to convert more power by assisting legislation that endorses innovations like collaborating, procurement, and performance incentives. According to the other units of the text, Thai supports that an active method could help students tangled in public procurements to progress the occupation.
The subsequent part of the text, apportioning with functionality, deliberates the three segments of public procurement cycles:
- Strategic procurements planning procedure.
- Solicitation developments and supplier selections.
- The contract administration.
Thai properly emphasizes that there could be a robust link between all three phases. The achievement of treaty administration, for instance, is highly dependent on the lucidity of the source assortment way and the outcome commission. If there is a mistake in prediction, then delays, penalties, and missed deadlines are possible.
As a significant quantity of government agencies participate in strategic development, Thai proposes that procurement professional must take additional responsibility to make procurement strategy a highly accepted feature. However, he warns that there are problems in strategic development as it will not be asserted in all jurisdictions.
Similarly, the effect of buying on the budget activity is deliberate. As a part of budgetary choice making, a procurement plan, comprising value analysis, must be anticipated and established. This permits buying professionals to benefit from different economic and market conditions. The paradox is that officials concerned in the budgeting procedure should identify the knowledge of buying professionals. They should consider them as a main player in assisting to strategize and forecast precise expenditures. In Chapter 6, Thai summarizes the circumstances under which numerous ways of source selection must be designated. Various contract-valuing strategies should obtain their deliberation and accurate distinguishing between cost plus and fixed price variations.
The contract management chapter starts with the review of numerous risks that are a section of contract fortitude. In measuring risks, a main objective is to eradicate any misunderstanding during the commitment of the agreement. Once hazards are determined, the indenture administrator’s roles comprise distribution follow-up, quality assurance, and testing. If the distribution goes on time, Thai designates alternatives the manager could face and identifies circumstances that could affect the decision selection.
Given the higher quantity of products and systems focused on information technologies that are experiencing overruns and delays, the essence of challenging should not be over-highlighted. The contract must identify who completes the challenge and what standards must be utilized in evaluating test outcomes. For complicated purchases, the contract must maintain that the contractor’s instrument qualifies for assurance programs. The contract manager, through the utilization of statistical control, should also make sure that the end product is satisfactory.
Additionally, to an appraisal of the fundamental procurements and the supplier manuals, Chapter 8 discusses the significance of management intelligences that comprise the utilization of performance dimension. The reader should select measures that are impartial, dependent on the data, comprehensible, and effortlessly collectable.
Management statements are an important tool to validate the efficiency of the public procurements function. The end part of the book deals with public procurements profession. Thai strengthens the necessity of a strong ethics in the Chapter 9. Noting the escalating dependence on close relationships with sellers and special awareness groups, this unit offers invaluable guides, detailing a wide variety of topics comprising conflict of interest and ethical codes situations. The appraisal of current trends in the Chapter 10 is in maintaining with Thai’s general theme of presenting best innovations and practices. The reader is familiarizing to topics like electronic signatures, cooperative ventures, and purchase cards.
The final chapter goes back to a thesis that revolves throughout the text: professional development. As the dollar quantity of purchases endures to cultivate, and the difficulty of these purchases escalates, the degree of knowledge and expertise between public procurement professionals should also increase. In route with the Governmental Purchasing National Institute, Education Aligned Inc.’s learning to Procurements Program, a diversity of career growing paths are detailed. Public procurement completely hurts the idea that it is a priestly activity. Professionalism in the discussed area comes through level increase of education and training, as well as development of leadership characteristics.
This book report attains the objectives of acquainting readers with the vocation referring at the same time to other well-detailed books entailed in LEAP series. It offers a comprehensive review of the essential public procurement activities, also deliberating best innovations and practices. Readers are fortified not just to be procurement professionals, but as well to take up the reasons of progressing the profession. Thai depicts them the means of doing this, maintain in emphasis the standards of efficiency, public service, and effectiveness.