Nov 26, 2020 in Medicine
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Epilepsy

Introduction

Epilepsy refers to the group of disorders that are characterized by recurrent seizures; the disease is specified according to different types of seizures. Epilepsy has no cure, but epileptic drugs can control it. If the medication turns out to be ineffective, surgery is required. People develop epilepsy mainly because of head injuries that affect the brain. It can also be developed by a brain tumor or genetic mutation, which triggers seizures in a person. Seizures usually happen when there is a burst of electrical activity in the brain, and it is referred to as epileptic activity. This results in disruption of the way the brain works. The incidence of epilepsy in low-income countries is high affecting 190 of 100,000 people (World Health Organization, 2015). This number is rapidly increasing in some countries like India and Europe. Hence, it is a significant health problem in these countries, thus requiring urgent action.

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There is an estimation that more than 500,000 citizens in the UK are affected by epilepsy and this means that in every 100 people in the UK one has this condition. In many cases of epilepsy, there are no genuine reasons for the disease (World Health Organization, 2015). Scientists suppose that small genetic changes in the brain could be the cause, but they are not able to prove it because medical equipment is not advanced enough (World Health Organization, 2015). Many people in the world can get assistance to control their condition, but in some countries in Africa and Asia lack of information gives many misconceptions and leads to improper handling of people with epilepsy. Moreover, some people in the Third World countries associate epilepsy with witchcraft or mental problems which leads to people thinking that epilepsy is a curse either to their family or the community (World Health Organization, 2015). This makes epileptic people become abandoned as patients. Epilepsy is a disease like any other, but it affects the brain, which makes a person have fits or seizures that can be brought about by many factors that vary by age of a patient. Older people are mostly affected by excessive drinking of alcohol, stress, strokes, and lack of adequate sleep. Among children seizures are sometimes caused by genetics; kids with autism spectrum disorder often tend to have seizures (World Health Organization, 2015).

Idiopathic (IGE) or cryptogenic epilepsy is a type of epilepsy in which no physical causes of the disease are found, the condition is mostly inherited. Patients with this condition are normal and do not have any abnormalities in the brain. This type of epilepsy basically is diagnosed between childhood and adolescence, but sometimes it can reveal itself in adulthood. Idiopathic epilepsy strikes 55% of kids suffering from the disease, although the syndrome may disappear if these kids are provided with adequate anti-epileptic treatment and continue taking these medications throughout their lives (World Health Organization, 2015).

Symptomatic epilepsy (SGE) is intractable to antiepileptic drugs and no proven treatment has been agreed upon. This type of epilepsy often is not treatable, so it requires supportive management to be taken under control. Between 18% and 50% of patients are believed to have symptomatic epilepsy. The treatment of symptoms mostly depends on their specific cause and the doctor can maintain control over the disease or eliminate the seizures (Morris, 2013).

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Preliminary Plan

As epilepsy is a big health problem in our society, it is significant to inform society about the illness, its treatment, and also about some specifics of caring for epileptic people some interventions should target normal individuals, government, and epileptic people to manage epilepsy. These include educational programs on epilepsy so that people could understand what this disease is, what causes it, how to handle an epileptic patient and medication for this illness. Some of the benefits of using this intervention are that people will have a chance to interact with medical practitioners who understand epilepsy and through this program, public awareness will be increased (Health Sciences Center New Orleans, 2010).

Another intervention that can be used in creating an association for people with epilepsy (Brophy, Bell, and Alldredge, 2012). This will help them, as the group will have data on the people with epilepsy. The creation of this group will also help the government in collecting the statistics on this disease and knowing what needs to be done in terms of the improvement of the situation. This association also will have a chance to advise the government and individuals on epilepsy. This intervention is very important, as the association will have a say when it comes to requesting drugs, and other assistance from the government. As epilepsy is an international health problem, the researchers should also be supported by global organizations and the government, so they can be provided with the necessary equipment. Epilepsy drugs are expensive and the government should provide subsidies to the patients for getting drugs at low cost or free and reduce the cost of epilepsy-related surgeries (Brophy, Bell, and Alldredge, 2012).

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To sum up, the government should fund associations of epileptic people, provide educational programs on this topic, provide financial assistance in the disease treatment for those who suffer from it. Lack of information has led to many lives lost, as people don't know how to administer first aid to epileptic patients. Parents with epileptic children should be trained on how to administer drugs to their kids and advised on how to maintain a positive attitude towards life despite the disease (Baker, 2015). Establishing social organizations that will bring all epileptic patients together and provide educational programs will be an important step towards fighting the illness. It will also give epileptic people an encouragement of letting them feel they are not alone (Baker, 2015).

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