Nov 2, 2017 in Medicine

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) refers to a set of lung diseases that block the flow of air making breathing difficult. This paper analyzes the individual and social effects that the disease has on an individual. The case under consideration is of Mr. L, a 55 year old bartender in a large city. The man was diagnosed of having COPD seven years ago. The focus of this paper is the daily lifestyle of the man and how the disease affects his personal and social life. A feasibility test on whether the man should continue working at the bar is given with supportive reasons. Factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of Mr. L as a bartender are also introduced. Furthermore, a general prognosis of Mr. L is also provided. There are various considerations also analyzed regarding his rehabilitation plan.

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Mr. L is a heavy smoker. This is possibly the reason he got COPD. The main cause of the disease is smoking. The likelihood of getting infected increase with the rate of smoking and the duration one has been smoking. Working in a bar, the man is exposed to an environment with heavy drinkers and smokers. This coupled with his smoking habits, are the main reasons why the man is infected. Various signs and symptoms depict that Mr. L is affected by the disease. Although the man takes a bus to work, he has to walk for about 3 blocks to reach his destination. His inability to cover the 3 blocks without resting clearly shows that he has difficulties in breathing. The managers concern on the health of this man is based on his consistent coughing. This is a symptom that shows that the man is suffering from respiratory diseases. Since the man works in a busy environment, it is likely that he feels overwhelmed by the customers. The delivery of service by Mr. L are likely to be deteriorating ads his condition does not allow him to be responsive instantly.

Effects on an Individual’s Social Experiences

Living with COPD has various effects on an individual’s social experiences. In the case of Mr. L, the effects may be severe due to his working environment. One of the major the major effects may be anxiety. Mr. L is likely to suffer from anxiety which may be hard for even his spouse to identify. According to research, little has been done to the identification and management of anxiety in patients suffering from the disease. This is due to lack of investigation of a panic disorder from the patient’s perspective. The effects of the anxiety will overwhelm the patient and deteriorate the relationship with his wife. At his age, Mr. L suffers more from the effects of the disease as the body is weak at fighting diseases.  At the work place, the output of Mr. L as an employee is likely to depreciate constantly. This in effect will displease the employer.  The relationship between the two will devolve which may lead to job termination. The concern of the employer on Mr. L regarding his health is likely to cause stigmatization. It is a social construct that defines people on their weaknesses. The society may start viewing the individual as less desirable and unproductive. The devaluing and judgments placed on the individual by the society will have negative effects on the health of the patient. The patient will feel unwanted, and in trying to face the reality, they make a resolve to more smoking and even drinking to counter the stigma. This will affect their health status even more and be the cause of alarm to close friends and relatives.

Social isolation is a common phenomenon that people suffering with COPD face. Mr. L is no exception, the raising concerns on the services that he is offering to customers is a cause of alarm. The effects of the disease are severe which include disabling dyspnea and frequent hospital admissions. Once the patient fails to take their medication, they cannot perform their duties effectively. On the other hand, the constant increased hospital admissions have a negative impact on the work of the individual. The patient experiences high symptom burden and lives a low quality due to increased psychological needs. The man is likely to face isolation from social organization and support systems. This is because most people fear to interact with individuals at a personal level due to their health condition.

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Although the disease affects the individual in many ways, help is available that enhances the life of a patient. In the case of Mr. L, convincing is necessary to influence the individuals choice on whether to remain in their current post. With the age factor, it is important to convince the man to put his health before his career. The working environment is a key source that contributes to his degenerated health. The crowded and noisy environment pollutes the air which affects the rate of breathing. Mr. L smoking habits are also another factor that needs amendment.  Alternative ways are provided, and their merits discussed in depth to ensure that the Mr. L understands the importance of attending a rehabilitation center.  Providing the man with alternative working environments is critical to ensuring they change their mind. Furthermore, analyzing the effects of his smoking habits and health conditions and how it affects the people close to him is also effective.  Ensuring that Mr. L gets medical attention is essential to his psychology and health. Some of the ways to keep a healthy lifestyle include; smoking cessation, occupational health, improving the quality of air that one inhales. This may include avoiding air polluted areas such as clubs where Mr. L works. Using drugs such as anticholinegics causes the muscles to relax and breath becomes smooth.

In conclusion, this paper has emphasized on the causes of COPD, it has also analyzed the individual and social effects of the disease to an individual. The analysis done is based on the case of Mr. L, who has been diagnosed with the disease. The paper has further introduced ways for effective living with the disease by offering alternative healthy ways of taking care of oneself.

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