People misuse harmful substances such as alcohol and tobacco for various intricate reasons, but it is clear that the society pays large consequences. The results of this misuse can be seen evidently in the health institutions and emergency departments through either direct harm to health by substance misuse or its connection to physical suffering. The following paper analyzes in depth the meeting with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, where some of the drug users elaborated more on the kind of drug they abused and how they started being addicted. It also explains how life changes after starting misusing the drugs and what are the demerits of drug abuse. It also indicates how drug abusers become victims of the system. The paper talks deeply on a drug known as cocaine that has largely affected a great number of people. It highlights the negative effects of consuming cocaine. The social, economic, and physical impacts of taking cocaine have been discussed.
Nowadays, the use of some drugs such as cocaine has decreased while the misuse of other drugs such as heroin and marijuana has increased. Despite the fact that people consume less harmful substances, drug misuse still plays a key role in much social harm, such as driving when drunk, hostility, pressure, and child misuse. Drug abuse can also lead to homelessness, broken families, offense, unemployment, or problems with maintaining a job. Most drugs abused can cause addiction, which is a persistent, relapsing syndrome characterized by long-lasting alterations in the brain functioning and habitual drug seeking and use despite harmful cost. People obsessed have a strong desire for the drug, making it hard to stop misusing it. Most drugs change the person’s judgment and decision-making process, which can have grave consequences. Such adverse effects include harm or death caused because of the careless driving or transmittable diseases transferred during unprotected sexual intercourse or sharing needles when injecting the drug. Drug abuse during pregnancy can lead to the neonatal self-denial syndrome, a state in which a baby can experience addiction and withdrawal signs after birth. The following paper explores the experiences of cocaine drug users, including the reasons for them to try to use drugs, changes in their lives, adverse consequences, and possible treatment.
According to the answers of the group interviewed by the national drug abuse department, its members used cocaine on a daily basis. This addictive substance is considered one of the worst drugs one could take. Cocaine is a white powder, which the one can inhale via the nose or mix with water and inject with a syringe. It can also be produced in the form of the tiny white tablet called crack that is smoked in a small glass tube. The group cited numerous reasons they engaged in cocaine abuse. First, many people misuse it to help retain the deadly thin look. Furthermore, some individuals have cocaine abuse since they just wanted to try it and in the end they became addicted. Moreover, others are on drugs just to feel appreciated and immoral around their friends. Finally, some people others do it because they love to party with their friends who are already addicts. The peer pressure made them become addicted to the cocaine mostly during nightclubs and home parties. Furthermore, the influence of peers made many members of the group weak.
The group explained how cocaine speeds up the whole body. The addict may feel energetic, joyful, and thrilled. However, then the mood can change at any time. One can become annoyed, anxious, and even scared. According to the group’s responses, one might do pointless things. After being high on cocaine for some time, the drug wears off and the user feels tired and sad for the rest of the day. The addict also has a strong desire to take the drug again to try to feel much better. Therefore, such process makes people become addicted.
No matter how cocaine is consumed, it is harmful to one’s health. Some of the most common serious problems mentioned by the group of interviewees include heart failure and stroke. People who misuse it are also in danger of being infected with HIV/AIDS and hepatitis from sharing syringes or having unprotected sexual intercourse (Vasica, 2002). The drug becomes more dangerous when used simultaneously with other drugs or alcohol. It is easy to lose power over cocaine use and become obsessed. Then, even if a person gets a cure, it can be difficult to stay off the drug. It is clear that people in the group who stopped using cocaine can still feel a strong desire for the drug, sometimes even after long time of abstinence.
According to what the group expounded, cocaine can be taken in various ways. Inhaling the drug is considered be the quickest way to use the drug. The drug is inhaled through the nose, absorbed by the nasal tissues and reaches the bloodstream. The fastest way to feel the effect of the cocaine as explained is through injection. The drug is directly injected via needle into the bloodstream, causing instant impact. Finally, the drug can also be smoked and inhaled into the lungs, then absorbed into the circulatory system. Inhalation can be as fast as insertion through the needle. The group also mentioned another type of cocaine called crack. It is said to be manufactured using ammonia and baking soda and mixed with water. The mixture is then heated to a smokable consistency. According to the view of the cocaine addicts, cocaine recuperation is a lifelong procedure. The revival and treatment for this drug are not only a long-lasting process for the users, but their families and community as well. In accordance with the experience of the addicts, once people make the promise to engage in treatment and their family decides to help them with the course it becomes a group work. The procedure takes years of therapy for all persons involved and takes a lifetime of dedication from all members involved as well.
Furthermore, the group pointed out that tolerance to any drug exists when higher doses are essential to achieving the same impacts once reached with small doses. Psychological reliance exists when cocaine is so vital to a person’s thinking, emotions, and actions that it becomes a desire. Cocaine can produce influential psychological reliance, concerning extremely obsessive patterns of use. Among cocaine heavy users, a powerful psychological addiction can occur; they suffer stern depression if the drug is out of their reach. Their spirits are lifted only when they use it again (Dietrich, 2009). Physical addiction may also build up. However, when habitual heavy users stop using the drug, they undergo what they call a coke crash shortly afterward.
Overall, during the time when people try to get rid of addiction, many of them complain of slumber, lack of appetite, hopelessness, nervousness, and the desire for cocaine, which often forces them to start taking it again. Therefore, the treatment of the addict of cocaine is not easy, and the deterioration rate is high. Not only is cocaine a hazardous addiction, but also a pricey one. Along with cocaine dependence, one could also become a robber, killer, or a homeless person, which may result in illegal actions leading to long-term imprisonment. According to the law, cocaine trafficking or use may lead to no less than seven years imprisonment or even imprisonment for life, depending on the circumstances of the case. Most cocaine addicts would do anything to find the drugs. Nevertheless, some addicts managed to stop using due to their will power. According to the addicts, the battle with cocaine is not a possible fight. Plenty of courses help cocaine addicts recuperate. Among them, group rehabilitation is a program that provides help to addicts from people who are fighting the same menace. Apart from group therapy, an interpersonal therapy helps the treatment of depression.
Cocaine may not always have an effect on today’s youth directly, but indirectly. Unlike alcohol, cocaine and pregnancy can be a deadly connection. Misuse of cocaine during pregnancy affects the unborn child as well as the mother (Dietrich, 2009). The unborn child has no option but to be dependent on cocaine due to the mother’s usage. Some mothers are ignorant because of lack of knowledge. When a pregnant mother takes a hit of cocaine, the fetus loses adequate blood and air circulation and suffocates shortly. For the mother, the drug’s ecstatic effect lasts for at least half an hour. For the growing baby, cocaine stays in the system for more than fourteen days. In the uterus, the child is often re-exposed because the drugs do not pass via the placenta to the mother but remain in the amniotic fluid in the womb.
According to Office of National Drug Control Policy, in 2012 there was approximately one million new cocaine users in the United States only. The standard age of those who first tried cocaine during the year was below the age of twenty years. Sadly, in 2013-2014 approximately forty million Americans over the age of 15 had tried cocaine at least once in their lifetime. The numbers are shocking, but astonishingly continue to increase every year.
Numerous health factors and hazards come with the use of cocaine. First, cocaine stimulates the central nervous system. According to the group interviewed, physical effects of cocaine use include contracted blood vessels, the rise in the body temperature, pulse rate, dilated eye pupils, increased vitality and blood pressure. Use of cocaine in its early stages is often difficult to detect. Some of the symptoms of possible cocaine use are nosebleed, low appetite, theft in order to get money to purchase the drugs, and lying. A cocaine user, once addicted, will experience stomach pains, heart rate increases, and accidental cold sweats. The group also mentioned other long-term effects of the use of cocaine such as paranoia, bad temper, impatience, hearing hallucinations, mood instability. Addicts who inhale cocaine also may suffer from acute respiratory disorders, including coughing, shortness of breath, and harsh chest pains with lung trauma accompanied by bleeding. Moreover, people who use injections themselves are at risk of transmitting diseases intravenously.
The treatment procedure for a cocaine addict is a long-lasting process. Treatment centers address many areas of the “self” in the process of healing. The process involves dealing with the mental, emotional, and physical aspects of the addicts (Spillane, 2000). According to the national drug abuse policy, the first step in the process is called detox. The process takes place in a prescribed surroundings and should be closely monitored by medical specialists. Although the detoxification process is painful because the body is still in desire for more drugs, it is essential and extremely helpful to start the cocaine treatment process with a medical detox, as is the most efficient initial step in recovery. The person’s physical state is addressed and the patients are given the tools essential to get physically back to normal health.
The second significant step in the process includes the emotional and mental treatments. This type of treatment takes place in a safe, friendly environment where the addict can feel at ease. Counseling is the most common way of treatment in this process. During this process, the addicts are given the opportunity to accept the pain and hurt they have caused themselves, as well as the people around them (Spillane, 2000). During treatment, the individual is taught ways of deterring from areas, people, or behaviors that originally prompted the cocaine abuse.
In reference to the addicts interviewed, cocaine addiction is one of the worst experiences in the history of drugs. There no benefits of being a drug addict because all it gives are fantasy feelings that are never long lasting. There are more health risks in drug addiction than the benefits. For instance, health risks accompanying the addiction may include heart failure, HIV/AIDS, stomach pains, etc. Concisely, drugs are illegal and it is high time everyone in the society should avoid all sorts of harmful drugs.