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Why is Islamic Government Necessary?
The Islamic Government, according to Khomeini (1978), is a compulsory institution for the implementation of administrative functions in society, as a simple set of laws is not enough for this. There must be a body of laws and the authority to ensure their implementation, Khomeini (1978) claims. At first, the execution of these functions was entrusted to Muhammad, but later the Islamic society needed someone who would take on this role, but it did not happen. The formation of the government should save the country from possible chaos and confusion that could take place during its absence. It will have to regulate economic, political, social, and cultural issues in the country, stop the moral decline and strengthen the foundations of Islam. The system of Islamic laws is very complex and multi-faceted, and it includes the solutions for both internal problems and foreign policy interests. That is, the single Islamic Government should ensure the settlement of family affairs as well as issues of war and peace by the precepts of Islam. Khomeini (1978) claims that God`s will cannot be executed without special institutions of Government.
The creation of a single Islamic authority and control is important for foreign policy. Khomeini (1978) states that if Muslims acted in a coordinated way, it could prevent the occupation of their land by Jews. That is, if all Muslim countries have discarded all contradictions and disputes, and act together as one great state, it would create a decent opposition to Western intervention. As proof of his arguments, Khomeini (1978) quotes from the Qur'an Prepare against them whatever force you can muster and horses tethered (p. 22). The lack of unification and co-ordinate actions is destructive before aggression by Britain and the U.S.
In the example of budget formation (taxes), the author shows the importance of the establishment of an Islamic government. The parts of the taxes deducted from the population of Islamic countries are clearly religious in nature since every Muslim has to give up part of his annual income to help the poor. However, a huge part of these funds is used to finance the secular authorities. It, according to the author`s point of view, contradicts the main principles of Islam and should spur the creation of the exactly religious governing body, the main guide for which should be the canons of the Quran. Only an Islamic government can solve the problems of devout Muslims, such as the confiscation of dishonest earnings, and transfer to those who really need it and deserve it. In addition, the author claims that after the death of Muhammad the secular leaders of Islamic countries no longer fulfill the will of Allah and His Messenger, and their policy started to contradict the precepts of Islam. Moreover, it has become openly anti-Islamic. The author believes that Western values ?? are detrimental to the Eastern world. To maintain the Muslim`s identity, they should take resolute actions as soon as possible: We must overthrow the oppressive governments installed by the imperialists and bring into existence an Islamic government of justice that will be in the service of the people (Khomeini, 1978, p. 24). The form of governance has become more like a monarchical, with a clear power hierarchy and absolute power of the monarch following the example of a model of ancient Rome or ancient Egypt. That is why the author considers the existence of secular authorities on the territory of the Islamic countries as extremely destructive and pernicious, and such that are undermining the basic foundations of the state and the Islamic world as a whole. Khomeini (1978) states that The existence of a non-Islamic political order necessarily results in the non-implementation of the Islamic political order. (p. 23). In addition, these governments have already provoked a huge level of corruption that has become a serious problem in their countries. The corruption now has to be overcome, and those who are responsible must be punished.
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An example of what this could lead to is the Ottoman Empire. According to the author`s mind, the imperialists of Russia and Britain used the corruption of their leaders to weaken it. For this purpose, they artificially created different "nations" on their territory and provoked a standoff between them. As a result, the great Ottoman Empire ceased to exist. Such secular governments the author considers as the appointees of the West the main purpose of what is to undermine the unity of the Islamic World. That is why the author insists on the creation of an Islamic Government: To assure the unity of the Islamic ummah, to liberate the Islamic homeland from occupation and penetration by the imperialists and their puppet governments (Khomeini, 1978, p. 24).
Taking into account all of the above the author does not see the possibility of coexistence of Islamic religious and secular governments. In his opinion, the secular authorities will never serve the interests of devout Muslims, on the contrary, they, being the puppets of the West, will promote its interests in the Islamic world. Khomeini claims (1978) that secular governments should not exist, and the creation of a single Islamic governing body is the will of Allah himself. The unification under the leadership of one strong authority would be extremely necessary for all Muslim communities. We do not see a single group, nation, or religious community that has ever been able to exist without an individual entrusted with the maintenance of its laws and institutions, in short, ahead or a leader (Khomeini, 1978, p. 26). By this statement, the author calls us to refer to the experience of the centuries. In the hard times, when the country was threatened with extinction, and the nation was on the verge of destruction, only a strong leader could save the situation, the one who would take over all the functions of government, and, therefore, the total responsibility for the outcome of his actions.
To summarize all of the above, Khomeini (1978) considers that the establishment of single Islamic authority governance is vital to the survival of the Muslim world. It is in the sphere of interests of all without exception Muslim communities and the interest of Allah and his prophet Muhammad. All people who profess Islam must unite against the growing threat from the West. And according to the Discover the Networks website he began to put his views into practice. As for the parallel coexistence of Islamic and non-Islamic secular governments in Muslim countries, the author does not see the way how it could be possible. The secular leaders, in his opinion, are the puppets of the West and cannot provide the people's interests and comply with the canons of the Qur'an. The result of their activity can only be undermining the foundations of Islam and transformation of Muslim areas into the raw material appendages of England, the U.S., etc. The author calls for both religious and purely practical reasons. The unification of all power in hands of one religious leader would be justified in terms of the canons of Islam on the one hand, and on the other, it will stop the wave of corruption, moral and economic decline caused by the rule of pro-Western secular leaders.