Before us are two paintings of famous artists: Two Sisters (On the Terrace) by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1881) and Bordighera by Claude Monet (1884). Submitted paintings are drawn by oil on canvas in the same period. Each of these paintings represents a certain theme. Our task is to consider each of them in more details.
Claude Monet Bordighera
Place of Bordighera is connected with the name of the famous painter Claude Monet, who lived here in the 80s of the XIX century and wrote a lot of great paintings in the open air. During that period of time he described in his letters the city as an amazing place where every day was prettier than the previous. Monet painted exotic palm trees and lush vegetation; he considered lemon and orange trees, blue sea on the horizon to be spectacular. Even nowadays these landscapes delight and amaze those who come to relax in Bordighera. The works of the famous artist showing these beautiful landscapes can be seen in Hermitage (Brodskaya 26).
The painting we analyze depicts the landscape of one of the cities of Italy - Bordighera. On the coast near the Franco-Italian border you can see the unreal saturated colors. The artist used his favorite colors, such as light blue, dark blue, aquamarine, gray, brown, white, yellow, dirty-green, yellow-green and added slightly reddish smears. Monet is thought to be a founder of Impressionism and his painting that we view creates a very airy appearance. This complete view of energy worrying Bordighera, written in 1884, reminds us that 80-90's were a period of domination of the Art Nouveau style. Church bell tower rising above the intertwining branches holds the composition center. The horizon line in the picture is slightly elevated. Size of the painting is not large (about 65 x 80,8 centimeters). This work arouses great interest. The person wants to be in this place and to be dissolved in the summer colors.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Two Sisters (On the Terrace)
The picture is painted in 1881 and can be seen at the Art Institute of Chicago. Similarly to the work of Monet, it was painted by oil on canvas. It is a little bigger in size than the Monets painting (about 100.5 ? 81 centimeters). This masterpiece was painted on the terrace of the House Fournaise restaurant located on an island on the River Seine. The painting depicts a seated woman ("elder sister"), next to which is a little girl ("younger sister") who looks straight at the viewer. Trees and their dense foliage are visible over the terrace. Renoir loved this place as another well known painting "Luncheon of the Boating Party" was done here long before the Two Sisters. An "elder sister" depicted on the masterpiece was Joan Darlene - the aspiring actress, who was 18 years old at that time. No one knows who was described in the role of a "younger sister", but there are arguments that in real life the two girls were not relatives. What is interesting, the colors of this work remind those of the work of Monet. The artist used such colors as light blue, gray, brown, white, yellow, dirty-green, adding yellow-green and slightly reddish smears. In general, the background picture reminds haze. Swabs are laid in a random order.
The depicted young ladies are fresh, with a nice pink tone on the cheeks. Lightweight thoughtfulness is seen in their eyes. The hands that are folded in lap tell us about tranquility of an older sister. Fresh fruits in a basket, flowers on their hats are reminiscent of colorful summer. This picture, as well as the previous one, causes only pleasant light sensation. This is not strange because the work of this artist also related to the period of Impressionism, which is not devoid of sentimentality.
Looking at two different paintings by genre (portraits and landscape) people may think that they are painted by the same artist. The colors and creation are similar. Why does it happen? The fact is that in the 1860s Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Frederic Auguste Renoir began to protest against the traditional schools, thus, starting a whole new trend in the world of art - Impressionism. Impressionism (French "impressionnisme" - "experience") is a movement in the art, mainly in French paintings during the last third of the XIX century (Schapiro 237). The painters began to walk on en plein air, which in itself was revolutionary. The first works in the style of Impressionism were set up in the forests of Fontainebleau, near a small lake. Four friends were trying to catch the feeling of the moment and show the effect of light. The Impressionists worked with fast strokes and bright colors. In the eyes of critics such works were not finished and looked sloppy. What appeared to be unacceptable for the existing schools of art, became a mandatory and necessary practice for the contemporary artists. Without such works and sketches, the art is empty.
Renoir was known not only by impressive using of color, but also by his famous umbrellas, and a brilliant mix of black, gray and white. Rainy day in Paris inspired the artist to write one of the most famous of his paintings. The palette of Renoir consisted of such colors as white lead, Naples yellow, yellow, cobalt blue, French ultramarine, Madder Lake, emerald green paint.
With the development of Impressionism in the late 1860s, Renoir began to use fractional strokes, lighter colors, and trained to prepare canvases of brightly colored spots. The drawing style also changed with the artists age. With time Renoir began to use very bright colors, mostly reds and oranges in thick brush strokes.
Renoir met Claude Monet in 1862. In 1867, they lived together for a while and were working on portraits of each other. Not counting the signatures at different angles, you might think that the masterpieces of Monet and Renoir were painted by a single artist. Scenes from Grenouillere Argenteuil banks of the Seine are often virtually identical, with only minor differences. Nevertheless, unlike Monets, the palette of Renoir was wider and richer. The so-called "rainbow" palette was more bright and sunny. Monets paintings were concentrated mainly on the contrast of light and shadow. Monet was attracted by the landscapes, the figures that retreated to the secondary plan, while Renoir was focused on the human figures. A favorite theme of Renoir was young, busty naked girls. Friendship of Monet and Renoir made ??them and their works almost inseparable. Only love for the female figure of Renoir becomes the fundamental difference between them (White 107).
The early success to Renoir brought the painting Madame Charpentier with children. Some sources claim that the woman was his mistress Margo. The husband of Madame Charpentier was the largest publisher of literature, and it is due to that the artist became more popular. However, before that he lived in poverty and obscurity. Renoir earned good money by his paintings. With his new-found fame, he was able to satisfy his thirst for travel. Not surprisingly, the artist traveled to Italy and was fully immersed into the art of the Renaissance.
Soon, Renoir returned to his studio in Montmartre and got married to a lovely girl. He continued to work and succeed. However, Renoir became the first painter who left Impressionism in favor of figurative painting. In the works of Renoir the elements of Impressionism that can be seen in the background and at the artist's palette are still retained. Unfortunately, contours became gradually harder. In the last 20 years of a life Renoir could barely walk and held a brush with incredible difficulty. Despite all the difficulties, he continued to work on the paintings as before (Distel 78).