Management of Pharmaceutical Services
The National Drug Policy of a state is the scope of strategies that help to prevent production, distribution and popularization of drugs. The laws that prevent these actions are elaborated in most of the countries of the modern world. Drugs are extremely dangerous for the health of a person and are a threat to the health of the society.
The National Drug Policy regulates such aspects of drug dealing as drug trafficking, drug distribution, use of drugs, production of drugs etc..
The National Drug Policies are required to prevent the usage of drugs, especially by people that have not reached 18 years age. Drugs are extremely unhealthy, quickly provoke addiction, and they ruin the organism of a person in a fast manner. An addicted person can no more be treated as psychologically and physically healthy, and cannot have healthy children. Very often such people commit crimes, usually in order to steal money for drugs. Such people are dangerous for the society, and that is why the National Drug Policy exists.
It is essential to promote the rational use of medicines. It is not possible to prohibit medicines that have a narcotic effect or acquire it after mixing with other components. So often the addicted people prepare the drugs by themselves, previously have being bought the ingredients in the pharmacy (Cook, 2009).
. In different countries, some of the medicines are sold only by prescription of the doctor. This still does not prevent the selling of such medicines to addicted people. Some pharmacies earn hefty money illegally by selling the medicines such as morphine or tramadol without a prescription. This is one of many challenges that the rational use of medicines policy faces. The other challenge is the control over the drug selling network that the gangs are responsible for. In some countries, the gangs even have illegal agreements with the police and the police just do not notice the crime.
a) The first stage in the elaboration of a National Drug Policy is the research of the current involvement of the population with drugs. From research of the current networks of drug trading, specific laws should be elaborated. It is necessary to analyze what criminal aspect of the drug distribution is the most widespread. Drug Policy also involves elaborating of laws for pharmacies and formulating of the list of medicines that are prohibited to sell in pharmacies without prescription.
b) The framework of the National Drug Policy should include:
the data acquired from the analysis of the current situation with drug distribution and usage;
the elaborations referred to the employment/learning of people that will be responsible for control over drug distribution;
enforcement of specific laws that would clearly describe which medicines are prohibited, which of them must be sold only by prescription, and which punishment will be made for the crime linked to drugs;
special methods of diagnostics of the drug-addicted people and norms that would regulate their future ability to recover, to find work and to become a full-grown member of the society.
Affordability is an important aspect of the National Drug Policy of a country. Firstly, the population must have medical insurances (Maintland, 1982).
a) This will guarantee free medicines and medical services. Secondly, there must be a list of medicines that a person can receive for free, it is especially beneficial for the socially insecure people: people of old age, emigrants, children, and orphans.
b) The situation with medicines in Australia is an excellent example of a successfully implemented medicine policy. It is necessary to employ several strategies in the medicine policy: to keep costs on an affordable level, to determine the groups of the population that can have free access to some of the medicine, to develop the medicine of disease prevention and to provide insurances for the population.
a) Pharmacoeconomics is the scientific discipline that compares the value of one medicine to another. The main objective of this discipline is to find methods of cheapening the medicines and make them affordable for the population. This is achieved by using less expensive medical components, raising the competition in the medicines market and implementation of better diagnostic options.
The quality use of medicines is referred to a special model of the Australian Drug Policy that involves the safe and judicious use of medicines by the general public (Shawn,
b) The measuring of positive usage of medicines is measured by the analysis of the quantity of the patients that have recovered and by the rate of drug addiction in the country.