Emergency Management Coursework
Haddow et al. in their book Introduction to Emergency Management observe emergency management during different disasters (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2013). It is a common fact that no country or individual is immune to natural disasters and other calamities, for example terrorism. However, it is essential to be ready for any emergency situation. The role of emergency management is important in providing preparedness actions. Emergency management is responsible for the recovery and mitigation of people, organizations security, safety, and self-reliance.
There are some concepts that are worth considering while observing this issue. For example, the concept of mitigation in emergency management plays an important role. Mitigation is a special technique that helps reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. As disasters can occur at any time and at any place, people should be prepared for them. Mitigation provides actions that could help reduce various risks and invest in the long-term community well-being.
Admittedly, every year the number of disasters is growing. The FEMAs mitigation programs help to reduce the impact of calamities. Thus, federal governments are the main source of financing mitigation programs.
The research asserts that the FEMA is responsible for mitigation programs. The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, for instance, is one of the federal programs which finances mitigation activities in the United States. The HMGP gives grants and reduces the risk of disasters. This program provides different activities and some of them are as follows:
- Building code enforcement
- Public education and awareness
- Localized flood-control projects
- Elevation of structures
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program was initiated by the Clinton administration in 2000. The PDM offers such activities as:
- Assess the risks
- Build support by communicating individual actions
- Build a community partnership
- Prioritize risk-reduction actions
Other federal mitigation programs include the NFIP, the Flood Mitigation Assistance Program, the Repetitive Flood Claims Program, the National Hurricane Program, the Fire Prevention, the National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program, and some others. Moreover, there are also non-federal mitigation programs that provide assistance to people in case of disasters. They are Nonfederal Mitigation Grant programs.
Though mitigation and preparedness have been designed to maintain security and safety of people who are facing various disasters, there are some differences between them. Mitigation is a special technique that helps reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. However, preparedness is a state of readiness to respond to any type of emergency situation.
Preparedness is not only a state of readiness, but it is also something that can be traced in most aspects of emergency management. In fact, preparedness is the first step in emergency management. The main stages of preparedness are planning, training, and exercising.
The research asserts that the Emergency Management Institute plays an integral role in emergency management. It deals with preparation, protection, recovering, and potential effects of all types of disasters and emergencies on American people. The EMI provides training to federal, state, local, public, and private sector officials to strengthen emergency management.
Admittedly, emergency management takes into consideration different groups of population. Thus, there is special emergency planning for the needs of population. Otherwise, the absence of this consideration will lead to the failure of the emergency planning. Each community must identify what special needs exist and how these needs should be satisfied in case of emergency. For example, it is necessary to consider such things as emergency equipment and forms of transportation; special needs individuals locations; training for emergency responders in special needs care; and some others.
Preparedness Grant Programs provide people with various benefits. They differ according to their activities, equipment, and funds on behalf of state and local emergency management agencies. These programs assist state and local governments in all-hazard emergencies, create emergency operations centers, provide funding for construction or renovation, and identify deficiencies and needs of the population during emergency. For example, the State Homeland Security Program, Emergency Management Performance Grant Program, and Emergency Operations Center Grant Program are widely introduced in different states.
Emergency planning is very important in order to save peoples lives, establish responsibilities of those who are in charge and common people, and minimize and repair damage. The emergency operations plan is developed with the aim of preparing businesses for disasters by identifying the risks to their business processes, employees, facilities, and information, and then taking action to reduce those risks. They also tend to maintain the business flow during emergencies. Business continuity planning is a significant growth area for the emergency management community.
After September 11, business continuity planning has developed new opportunities in emergency management. Emergency operations plans serve to support businesses and peoples activities including mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Crisis action plans help to respond to critical situations and mobilize all efforts to overcome them. These plans offer certain steps for consideration. The continuity of operation plans documents allows creating strategies, policies, and procedures required to support headquarters continuity of operations program.
It is worth mentioning that disaster and emergency communications are important in the process of mitigation and preparedness. Disaster and emergency communications reduce the risk of possible disasters. They improve disaster management operation and remove debris from a disaster area. Therefore, they must include the discussion of how to communicate information to community officials, the public, and the media.
In order to build an effective disaster communication program, emergency managers must clearly identify their various audiences and customers. Communicating with the public is an area that needs to be improved if the nation is going to have a truly effective emergency management (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2011).
In conclusion, it should be mentioned that no country or individual is immune to natural disasters and other kinds of calamities, such as terrorism. However, it is essential to be prepared for emergency situations. The role of emergency management is very important in the preparedness actions. Emergency management is responsible for recovery and mitigation of people, organizations security, safety, and self-reliance.
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