The research design of the study that was used was the case study in which a group of persons was studied thoroughly over a period of time. The key variables in psychological research are the dependent and independent variables that are monitored during the period of the study. These variables are generally dependent on the specific psychological topic that is being studied, in such a way that they would vary according to the topic that is under scrutiny. The dependent variables are the ones that the experimenter depends upon, while the independent variable is the variable that is controlled and manipulated by the experimenter.
All psychological research is measured using the basic scales of psychological measurement that include the nominal measurement that simply uses numbers to measure different psychological quantities. The other psychological measurement is the use of the ordinal scale that ranks the test results in order from the lowest to the highest or vice versa. The other psychological scale of measurement is the interval measurement that focuses on the equality of differences between the tests results that have been achieved. The fourth and the last measurement scale is the ratio measurement that compares two similar results from two different test subjects. These psychological scales of measurements are used with respect to the case study being studied. The most appropriate scale of measurement is selected for the corresponding case study (Asch, 2005).
The methodology of this study will adequately enable us to address our main aim of the research. This is because the method chosen for the study is interactive with the test subject, hence, the human research ethics can be well studied in this method as they can easily be applied to any deviation from the ethics that can also be easily noticed. This methodology of case study is effective in that the researcher will get to interact with the human beings, who are test subjects, directly or indirectly and through this interaction of the researcher, who makes all the decisions guided by the human research ethics, he will interact with the test participants. Through his application of these ethics, the human research ethics can be well studied and scrutinized.
This methodology of case study is an important ethical consideration because the procedures that lead to the development and construction of the case study are inclusive and the subjects are informed. It abides with the ethic of research on humans, as participation in the study is voluntary and nobody is coerced to participate or the study carried out without their knowledge. The test subjects also get to make an informed consent on whether to take part in the case study or not.
The concept of informed consent revolves around the test participants being fully informed and advised on merit and demerits of the case study. The participants in the case study are fully informed of any risks that may be involved in the case study, or any beneficial factors that may emerge from the study. Based upon the proper knowledge of the case study the participants then make a decision on whether to take part in the study or not. Another important ethical consideration is that the participants are allowed to leave the study any time they feel that it is violating their rights (Asch, 2005).
The study does not involve a relationship between the researcher and the participants. The researcher does not get to know or even meet the participants in the study, and all he does is study the samples collected from the participants of the study and draw conclusions from the samples. This is ethically important because the researcher not knowing the participants would fully concentrate on the test results without having bias of any sort. Knowing the participants would most likely jeopardize the study as the researcher may have personal relationships with the participant and may want to change the result of the study to achieve personal interest.
This is also done to prevent the corporate world from using these researchers to stage researches for their own commercial advancement. The researcher and participant, therefore, do not have any kind of relationship dependence to avoid bias in the results of the study. The researcher and the participant were kept in anonymity by using special codes for each participant instead of their real names. The researcher would then get to recognize the participants using these codes and carry out the experiments without knowledge of who is who in the study (Green & South, 2006).
The researcher also never gets to meet the participants, rather there is a group of research assistants who act as a link between the researcher and the participants. These research assistants carry out various roles that facilitate the research without the researcher and the participant getting to meet or know each other. These roles include collection of samples from the participants and facilitating their movement to the researcher. They also act as a link between the researcher and the participants by carrying out the instructions of the researcher to the patient, like dosage administration and monitoring of physiological parameters, and relaying the same to the researcher for further studies. Through this assistants the researcher and the participants are kept away from each other.
The ethical considerations in storage are that the test results and samples can only be accessed by authorized personnel who are taking part in the study. The data collected from the study is stored in secure places which can only be accessed by authorized personnel and staff who are involved in the study. The major reasons for storing these data in secure places and limiting its availability are to avoid external factors from having any influence on the process of the study so that the results will be a true reflection of the study (Asch, 2005).
It also important for the data to be kept with the people carrying out the study, because the data can be used wrongly or for malicious purpose if it falls to the wrong hands. Since these data are critical, misuse of it could have dire consequences on the human race, therefore, its access is minimized. The data should also be stored and accessed properly to keep the confidentiality of the participants who took part in the study. This was managed by storing the data in secure confinements that could only be accessed by the people participating in the study. The people who are participating in the research are given special codes that can be used to access this data, hence, the usage of the data can be monitored by referring to the people who accessed the data through the access codes that have been allocated to them. This will, therefore, enable the proper storage and use of the sensitive data that has been collected and prevent misuse which could have bad implications. These measures will be able to maintain the integrity of the test, at the same time upholding the human research ethics that should be applied in human research (Green & South, 2006).
I would improve the ethical profile of this study suggesting tough rules and regulations that would be applied to any person who violates the set out rules and regulations for the ethics involving human research. I would also improve the ethical profile of this study by spreading the ideas on ethical values to as many people as possible so as to help promote the ethic on human research (Asch, 2005).