Postmodernism is a Phenomenon
Postmodernism is a phenomenon in the art that is characterized by absolute freedom of expression. There is no and can never be any kind of absolute truth in postmodernism. In such a way facts and falsehoods are interchangeable as well. What is accepted as fact today could be easily perceived as falsehood tomorrow because postmodernism makes term truth and error synonymous. Paintings of Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama confirm that morality is relative as well. She often depicted phallus and a great deal of thing of phallic shapes and found it funny. Someone can find an erotic sense in her works, where it is rather ironic.
Generic blurring is a feature of the whole movements of postmodernism. It delights in blurring the boundaries between genres of art. Such a tendency creates a better relationship with the audience. The eclecticism of postmodern art refers to a lack of the firm, logical and chronological foundation of art in general. It is based on the principle “nothing is original” and it ably mixes genres and styles. That’s why a lot of masterpieces are characterized by assemblage as far as they are created from existing pieces of arts in order to solve a communication problem in a new context.
Hyper-Reality and Hyper-Consciousness
Hyper-reality and hyper-consciousness can be also significant features of postmodernism. Hyper-reality is seen as a condition in which fiction and reality are seamlessly mixed together so that there is no clear distinction between them. Hyper-reality is used by the artists to blur somehow those boundaries between genres, while creating something new. Hyper-consciousness refers to that problem of differentiating between fantasy and reality. It requires the audience to be active viewers, not passive. That is why there is no longer any 'оriginal' thing for a sign to represent – the sіgn is the meaning. Kurt Vonnegut ably uses this tactic in his novel Breakfast of Champions. Its plot is represented in a chaotic way, where details sometimes are even more meaningful that events.
The works of postmodernists are playful, considering a parody and a pastiche as a way to draw audience’s attention to old problems in a new context. Parody aims not only to mock or make fun of an original work. It is usually objected to past principles and values by using heavy irony. As far as generic blurring is a purpose, a pastiche is a way to do it. Playfully it produces a ridiculous effect, often losing the contest, and it makes the audience find the hidden meaning.